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How does the cotton yarn market respond to the strong attack of non-cotton fibers

Release time: 2015-06-27 09:42

Standard Group (Hong Kong) Co., Ltd. Textile Industry Information: How does the cotton yarn market respond to the strong attack of non-cotton fibers. According to the latest statistics of the General Administration of Customs, from January to April 2015, China's cumulative import of cotton was 609,900 tons, a year-on-year decrease of 38.16%, which indirectly reflects that the domestic non-cotton fiber's role in replacing cotton has increased significantly.

According to the survey, the ratio of cotton to non-cotton fiber was 64% and 36% ten years ago. Today, the proportion of cotton processing is only 36%, and the proportion of non-cotton fiber has risen to 64%. Among them, yarn, denim, and bedding The proportion of cotton used decreased by 28, 20 and 10 percentage points, respectively. The reason is that the three-year cotton purchase and storage and the huge difference between domestic and foreign cotton prices have made enterprises more willing to choose non-cotton fibers with relatively stable prices, especially chemical staple fibers. In the meantime, spinning companies continue to explore the market, work with customers to develop new products, and continue to upgrade technical equipment and processes, non-cotton fibers are increasingly used.

The number of non-cotton fibers used in some cluster areas is also increasing. Especially in the case of uncertain cotton price expectations, non-cotton fibers can better offset the risk of cotton price fluctuations, and the profitability of enterprises using non-cotton fibers is also more. Strong, it is expected that the application area of non-cotton fibers in the cotton textile industry will be wider and the application volume will be larger in 2015.

From the perspective of cotton textile enterprises, the key to non-cotton replacement of cotton is based on the following points: the price difference between cotton at home and abroad, the difference between polyester and cotton, and whether the performance of chemical fibers is better than cotton and whether the quality of domestic cotton can be rapidly improved, etc. . At present, the spread of cotton prices at home and abroad has narrowed, and the uncertainty of cotton policy has always been the heart of spinning companies, so the proportion of cotton used in 2015 will decline.

As for the specific plan of the state reserve for cotton, the cotton price should be announced as soon as possible. Since 2015, domestic cotton prices have continued to decline. In March, with the market's speculation on reserve release, domestic cotton prices continued to be weak. At the same time, due to factors such as increasing international demand and decreasing output, it has stimulated the international cotton price to fluctuate and climb. As of June 10, the domestic cotton price was 13,590 yuan / ton, and the international cotton price was discounted by 1%, and the tariff price was 1,1280 yuan / ton. Textile companies are still cautious in purchasing cotton.

It is worth noting that the recent launch of reserve cotton has become the focus of attention of enterprises and markets. I learned from the cotton textile enterprises that I hope that the problem of leaving and retaining the cotton will be cleared as soon as possible, otherwise the business goals of the textile enterprises in the future will be ambiguous.

However, textile companies do not want to release reserves at this stage. The market is currently in the stage of adjustment and recovery. The release of reserves may affect market expectations and cause fluctuations in domestic cotton prices. In order to digest the reserve cotton as soon as possible, the state implemented a tightening policy on the quota in 2015, but the domestic cotton gap still exists. Enterprises demand high-quality cotton, and the national reserve cotton quality is difficult to meet. Enterprises have stated that there is still demand for imported cotton.

The number of cotton yarns should be increased to make up for the disadvantages. According to recent statistics from the General Administration of Customs, from January to April this year, China imported a total of 0.8061 million tons of cotton yarns, a year-on-year increase of 16.11%. The reason for the increase in cotton yarn imports is to explore the reasons, mainly because the price competitiveness of foreign cotton yarns has further increased. On the one hand, the cost of raw materials, labor, and rent for the production of foreign cotton yarns are low; on the other hand, the production cost of cotton yarns in China has gradually increased, and there is not much difference with the quality of foreign cotton yarns.

At present, the direct impact of imported yarns on the domestic market is that domestic low and medium count yarn products are affected. Imported yarns are mainly concentrated in 40S, especially products below 32S, accounting for about 25% of the total domestic yarn production. According to the company's report, unlike the situation in which domestic low and medium count cotton yarns continue to weaken, domestic yarn products of 50S ~ 60S and above continue to sell well, and even some packages of bleached yarns are out of stock. It can be seen that domestic yarn has advantages Above 50S.

If the government does not completely liberalize the cotton market, it will be difficult to reverse the domestic and international cotton prices within 3 to 5 years, and the trend of cotton yarn imports will not be reversed. In the future, imported cotton yarns may become normal, which will affect China in a certain period of time. Cotton textile companies are under pressure.

In this regard, cotton spinning enterprises need to accelerate the transformation and upgrading, and adjust the production yarns to 50S or 60S high count yarns or combed yarns. By increasing the number of cotton yarns, improving yarn quality, strengthening product variety innovation, strengthening equipment and process transformation and upgrading, and guaranteeing After sales, continue to open up the market and use the complete advantages of the industrial chain to make up for the impact of the falling price advantage.

Steady growth in the benefits of non-cotton clusters. From the perspective of the economic benefits of the cotton textile cluster areas tracked by the Association, enterprises in the cluster areas that mainly produce non-cotton products and special products have strong profitability. Product sales are optimistic.

Owning a relatively complete cluster of the industrial chain can share risks and the overall economic benefits are good. In the cluster area, which mainly produces conventional cotton products, the overall profit of the company has increased negatively due to the difficulty in selling products. At the same time, enterprises in the cluster areas that routinely produce pure cotton products have not started enough, their production capacity has been reduced, and their benefits have dropped significantly.

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