Shanghai strongly supports cross-border e-commerceRelease time: 2015-07-31 10:25
Standard Group (Hong Kong) Limited International Trade Information: Shanghai strongly supports cross-border e-commerce. Shanghai will focus on fostering a complete industrial chain of cross-border e-commerce, encouraging the promotion of third-party platforms and self-operated platforms. Domestic and foreign e-commerce will participate together, with equal emphasis on import and export, coexistence of multiple models, and orderly combination of online and offline development pattern.
In order to cultivate a complete industrial chain of cross-border e-commerce, last month, Shanghai set up a cross-border e-commerce demonstration park in the Songjiang Export Processing Zone. The park is planned for 200 acres, and more than 100,000 square meters of cross-border e-commerce centralized supervision zones will be established. At present, Tmall International, Fei Shang Net, Jackfruit, Golden Baby, and Asian Business Institute have signed contracts to settle in the park, and Tmall International has begun to take orders. There are more than 600 types of stocks in the bonded warehouse in the park, and the daily order processing capacity can reach 200,000 orders.
In addition, the demonstration park will also set up a "cross-border e-commerce industry" development fund with a total of 30 million yuan each year, using the cluster effect to attract a group of cross-border e-commerce enterprises, imported bonded goods display enterprises, cross-border e-commerce and third-party bonded displays. Investment in professional services companies.
According to the interface news, Shanghai will also establish a negative list system, as long as products not included in the list can be included in the cross-border e-commerce business scope, and further improve the openness of cross-border e-commerce.
However, at the specific business operation level of cross-border e-commerce, there are still bottlenecks such as cross-border payments, cross-border logistics, and export tax rebates.
Zhang Li, deputy director of the e-commerce research department of the Research Institute of the Ministry of Commerce, said at the "China Cross-border Consumption High-level Symposium" on the 28th that the development of China's cross-border e-commerce has two major difficulties: cross-border payment and cross-border logistics.
Zhou Chengjian, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and chairman of Meibang Clothing, also said during this year's "two sessions" that compared with Hong Kong's more mature business environment and a more open institutional system, the Shanghai Free Trade Zone aims at the development of cross-border e-commerce. There is still room for progress in terms of convenient customs clearance, cross-border payments, and fiscal and taxation support.
For example, for goods entering or leaving the country directly by sea and air ports, Shanghai Customs has cancelled the operation of stamping the customs “release stamp” on the relevant paper delivery or shipping vouchers and implemented the “electronic release information” management. The policy also does not apply to transshipment goods for seaborne import and export, and goods that apply the "advanced zone, post-declaration" operating mode of the Shanghai Free Trade Zone, which has affected the scope of cross-border e-commerce customs clearance to a certain extent.
In addition, in the process of foreign exchange settlement of traditional international trade, foreign trade enterprises are divided into three categories: A, B, and C. For A-type enterprises with large operating scales and good credit standing, the procedures for settlement of foreign exchange are simple and fast. And if cross-border e-commerce is classified as a category C enterprise, it will face strict and complex regulatory measures during the settlement of foreign exchange, with complicated procedures and lengthy time. Many cross-border e-commerce companies have to switch to personal accounts to settle foreign exchanges, but because mainland citizens cannot exchange more than 50,000 US dollars each year. Therefore, once the transaction scale expands, the efficiency of cross-border e-commerce fund turnover will be affected.
Export tax rebate is also a major bottleneck restricting the development of cross-border e-commerce. In theory, cross-border e-commerce can enjoy relevant VAT refund treatment for exported goods, but in actual operation, because the policy clearly requires export applicants to provide corresponding legal compliance certificates when exporting goods for domestic purchase and requires them to cooperate with exports Commodity information is one-to-one correspondence. In view of the “fragmentation” of cross-border e-commerce procurement products and the “diversification” of procurement channels, many cross-border e-commerce companies cannot successfully rebate taxes because they cannot comply with documents and invoices, resulting in economic losses .
In response to the above, the Opinions clearly stated that the supporting customs supervision measures would be optimized, and cross-border payment and foreign exchange collection and settlement services would be improved. At the same time, a comprehensive tax rebate policy for cross-border e-commerce export products will be studied. The "Opinions" proposes that e-commerce export enterprises that apply cross-border e-commerce tax refund (exemption) and tax exemption policies can apply for tax refund (exemption) and tax exemption in accordance with the customs electronic customs declaration information and relevant vouchers. Explore the implementation of paperless management of cross-border e-commerce export tax rebates.
The bank's cross-border e-commerce business and cross-border third-party payment institutions may usher in new development opportunities. The Opinions suggest that banks and payment institutions will be promoted to accelerate product innovation, improve cross-border payment services, and increase cross-border payment efficiency. Support qualified payment institutions to open offshore RMB and foreign currency reserve accounts. For small and medium-sized business entities that directly send export goods through postal channels, foreign exchange collection and settlement can be handled through qualified third-party payment institutions. For the business entities that have passed centralized customs supervision, checklist and release, and collective declaration, they shall handle the export collection and settlement of foreign exchange on the basis of electronic customs declaration information. At the same time, the scope and transaction amount of cross-border foreign exchange payment services of payment institutions will be further expanded, and the pilot program will be gradually expanded to all trade in goods and services while ensuring the authenticity of transactions.
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